|Prescription Drugs||Non-Prescription Drugs|
Anti-anxiety Drugs are medicines that calm and relax people with excessive anxiety, nervousness, or tension.
Everyone feels nervous or anxious once in awhile. Usually, the feeling is related to something happening in the person's life - an upcoming job interview or a speech to a large audience and it goes away when life is back to normal again. This type of anxiety does not need medical treatment. But some people feel anxious almost all the time, or they respond to slightly stressful events with feelings that are out of proportion to the actual situation.
The constant anxiety, irrational worries, and sense of impending doom can seriously interfere with their daily lives. For people with such intense or prolonged anxiety, Anti-anxiety Drugs can help bring their feelings under control and reduce bothersome symptoms such as pounding heartbeat, breathing problems, irritability, nausea, and faintness.
Anti-anxiety Drugs are prescribed for severe general anxiety and for specific anxiety disorders, such as phobias, panic disorder, Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder. Physicians may sometimes prescribe these drugs for other conditions, such as sleep disorders, epilepsy, and other seizure disorders.
There are two main types of Anti-anxiety Drugs, also known as Anxiolytics or Minor Tranquilizers. The family of Anti-anxiety Drugs known as Benzodiazepines includes Alprazolam (Xanax), Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), Diazepam (Valium), and Lorazepam (Ativan). The other widely used Anti-anxiety Drug is Buspirone (BuSpar), which is not a Benzodiazepine.
Benzodiazepines take effect fairly quickly, starting to work within an hour after they are taken. The effects of Buspirone are not felt until the drug has built up to certain levels in the body. People must take it every day for 2-3 weeks before they will notice any effects.
These medicines are available only with a physician's prescription and are sold in tablet, capsule, liquid, rectal, and injectable forms