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Anti-Diabetic Drugs

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Anti-Diabetic Drugs are medicines that are used to treat diabetic patints or patients whose blood sugar levels are high. These medicines help control blood sugar levels in patients with Sugar Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus. Antidiabetic drugs help to reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood of people with diabetes mellitus. By keeping the blood sugar at normal, these drugs reduce some of the risks associated with diabetes.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of metabolism. Metabolism refers to the process through which the food that is consumed by the body is broken down into a type of sugar called the glucose. This glucose is used for energy and growth and passes through the bloodstream to cells throughout the body. Glucose enter the cells with the help of a hormone called Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In case of people with Diabetes Mellitus, the body does not have enough Insulin to transfer the glucose into the cells. Glucose starts building up in the blood and passes out of the body in urine without ever having been used as fuel. This leads to Diabetes Mellitus

Types of Diabetes Mellitus
  • Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM): In this type, the pancreas does not produce enough Insulin. This is also called Type 1 diabetes.
  • Non-Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM): In this type, the cells do not respond to the Insulin, also known as Type 2 diabetes. This can be treated thought diet and exercise.
Anti Diabetic Drugs Classes
  • Injections (Insulin)
  • Oral hypoglycemics
  • Herbal Medicines

How Does Antidiabetic Drugs Work?

Antidiabetic drugs work by

  • Increasing insulin levels in the body.
  • Increasing the body's sensitivity to insulin.
  • Decreasing glucose absorption in the intestines.

Popular Antidiabetic Drugs: Common Brands
  • Biguanides
  • Metformin
  • Glimepiride
  • Glipizide
  • Meglitinides
  • Repaglinide
  • Nateglinide
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Pioglitazone
  • Rosiglitazone
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