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Anti-Histamines are medicines that relieve or prevent the symptoms of allergy like Hay Fever, itchy eyes, sneezing, runny nose and other kinds of allergy. Sometimes, an antihistamine drug can also help in stopping itchy rashes (especially hives).

How Does Anti Histamines Drug Works?

An allergy is a condition in which the body becomes unusually sensitive to some substance, such as pollen, mold spores, dust particles, certain foods, or medicines. These substances, known as Allergens, cause no unusual reactions in most people. But in people who are sensitive to them, exposure to Allergens causes the immune system to overreact. The main reaction is the release of a chemical called Histamine from specialized cells in the body tissues. Histamine causes such familiar and annoying allergy symptoms as sneezing, itching, runny nose, and watery eyes.

As their name suggests, Anti-histamines block the effects of Histamine, reducing allergy symptoms. When used for this purpose, they work best when taken before symptoms are too severe. Anti-histamine creams and ointments may be used to temporarily relieve itching. Some Anti-histamines are also used to treat motion sickness, nausea, dizziness, and vomiting. And because some cause drowsiness, they may be used as sleep aids.

Popular Anti Histamines

Some Anti-histamine products are available only with a physician's prescription. Others can be bought without a prescription. These drugs come in many forms, including tablets, capsules, liquids, injections and suppositories. Some common Anti-histamines are

  • Astemizole (Hismanal)
  • Brompheniramine (Dimetane, Dimetapp)
  • Chlorpheniramine (Deconamine)
  • Clemastine (Tavist)
  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Doxylamine (an ingredient in sleep aids such as Unisom and Vicks NyQuil)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Promethazine (Phenergan)

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Prescription Drugs   Non-Prescription Drugs