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Anti-Protozoal Drugs

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Anti-Protozoal Drugs are medicines or drugs used to treat infections or diseases caused by Protozoa. These drugs destroy protozoa or prevent their growth and ability to reproduce. They are available in liquid, tablet, and injectable forms. These drugs are to be taken only with a doctor's prescription.

What is Protozoa?

Protozoa are eukaryotes and unicellular organisms, and they have metabolic processes similar to those of human host than procaryotic bacterial pathogens. They are single celled beings, which also cause diseases in humans, which can be mild to life threatening.

Protozoan Infections or Diseases

The most common diseases caused by protozoa are

  • Malaria
  • Amoebiasis
  • Sleeping Sickness
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) etc.
Anti Protozoal Agents or Drugs

Antiprotozoal agents or antiprotozoal drugs is a class of pharmaceuticals used in treatment of protozoan infection. The most populat anti protozoal drugs are as follows:

  • Metronidazole
  • Eflornithine
  • Furazolidone
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Iodoquinol
  • Yodoquinol
  • Pentamidine
  • Melarsoprol
  • Metronidazole
  • Ornidazole
  • Paromomycin sulfate
  • Pyrimethamine
  • Tinidazole
Recommended Dosage of Antiprotozoa Drugs

As antiprotozoa drug is a presciption drug, all doses should be taken as per doctor's instructions. The recommended dosage of this drug depends on its type, its strength, and the medical problem for which it is being used.

Side Effects

Some serious side effects while taking this medicine are fever, cold, chills, redness, swelling, or inflammation, unusual bruising orbleeding, blood in urine or stools, black, tarry stools, red spots on the skin, unusual tiredness or weakness. Consult your doctor if you have any of these symptoms while taking this drug. Some common side effects are like nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, stomach pain, which go away as the body adjusts to the drug and do not require medical treatment.

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