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Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs or NAIDs) are medicines that are used to treat inflammation, mild to moderate pain, and fever. They are basically drugs with analgesic and antipyretic effects and with higher doses, they have anti-inflammatory effects. Nonsteroidal implies that these drugs are non steroids drugs or non-narcotic drugs. NSAIDs are effective at pain relief (analgesia), and reducing swelling (anti-inflammatory).

Uses of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

These drugs are used in the treatment of
  • Headaches
  • Sports injuries
  • Athritis
  • Menstrul Cramps
  • Muscle Ache
  • Dental Pain
  • Fever

Popular NSAIDs Drugs

The most prominent medicines belonging to NSAIDs and which are approved USFDA are as follows:

  • Aspirin
  • Celecoxib (Celebrex)
  • Ibuprofen (Motrin)
  • Indomethacin (Indocin)
  • Diclofenac (Voltaren)
  • Diflunisal (Dolobid)
  • Ketoprofen (Orudis)
  • Naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)
  • Sulindac (Clinoril)
  • Tolmetin (Tolectin)

The common ones like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, are available over the counter in many areas. Others are available only with a prescription from a physician or dentist.

Side effects of NSAIDs

NSAIDs can be obtained over-the-counter, but that does not mean they do not have any side-effects. NSAIDs are associated with several side effects like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, decreased appetite, rash, dizziness etc. The most serious side effects are kidney failure, liver failure, ulcers and prolonged bleeding after an injury or surgery. There are some who are allergic to NSAIDs and may develop shortness of breath when an NSAID is taken. People with asthma are at a higher risk for experiencing allergic reaction to NSAIDs.NSAIDs should be used under physician supervision if the patient has asthma, liver, heart and kidney problems

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