Opioid Analgesics, also known as Narcotic Analgesics, are pain relievers
that act on the central nervous system. Like all narcotics, they may become
habit-forming if used over long periods.
Opioid Analgesics are used to relieve pain from a variety of conditions.
Some are used before or during surgery (including dental surgery) both to
relieve pain and to make anesthetics work more effectively. They may also be
used for the same purposes during labor and delivery.
Opioid Analgesics relieve pain by acting directly on the central nervous
system. However, this can also lead to unwanted side effects, such as
drowsiness, dizziness, breathing problems, and physical or mental
Among the drugs in this category are Codeine, Propoxyphene (Darvon),
Propoxyphene and Acetaminophen (Darvocet N), Meperidine (Demerol),
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid), Morphine, Oxycodone, Oxycodone and Acetaminophen
(Percocet, Roxicet), and Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen (Lortab, Anexsia).
These drugs come in many forms - tablets, syrups, suppositories, and
injections, and are sold only by prescription.